This is not unlike what Nietzsche has in mind when he describes the Eternal Return. The rather unsettling notion that history repeats itself in a never-ending loop renders all of the Superman’s efforts at self-overcoming pointless. Yet for Nietzsche, the idea that the Superman does not give up in spite of this pointlessness is the ultimate affirmation of his heroic nature. Like the gods of paganism, the Nietzschean Superman requires that his efforts to actualize himself must end in perpetual frustration. Paradoxically, this is what enables him to reach his greatest potential, and to seize a higher victory from the jaws of every defeat.